Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam

City Name Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
Project Name Industrial management for environmental pollution control
Status Completed
Time Period 2003-2004

Description of Project

Under its overall urban environmental plan, Ho Chi Minh City is focusing on the implementation of industrial relocation to improve the urban environment of the city, through the acceleration of industrial relocation and application of cleaner production. The pilot project determined specific measures include the designation of one area (District 4) as a pilot area in which enhancement of public awareness through local seminars, posters, leaflets and media campaign, as well as strengthening of stakeholder involvement through multi-stakeholder meetings for participatory planning and decision-making dialogues were conducted. Indicators to assess the success of the project include environmental load and land prices.

Ho Chi Minh City’s industrial relocation programme is the first of its kind in Vietnam. The purpose of the program is (i) to plan and reorganise the operation of polluting enterprises and reorganise the issuance of business licenses to new investment projects; (ii) combine the removal of small-scale and small production units to develop larger-scale units with stable operations and high competitiveness; (iii) development of industrial zones which correspond to urban planning requirements.
The city has implemented various measures, including the supervision and control of new buildings from an environmental standpoint from the beginning stage. Basic requirements include compliance with urban planning, application of pollution treatment measures and installation of pollution control equipment to meet local and national standards. For pre-existing enterprises, Ho Chi Minh is considering or is carrying out removal to industrial parks, application of pollution treatment measures, installation of pollution control equipment, publication of a “black book” which lists all polluting industries in the city, implementation of cleaner production under UNIDO, and set up of a revolving fund to provide necessary assistance to relocating and polluting industries.

A thematic seminar on industrial relocation was organised in 2003; outcomes from this seminar have been incorporated into the pilot activity. At the First Meeting of the Kitakyushu Initiative Network in November 2001, a presentation by Dalian (China) on industrial relocation led to the regular exchange of information and experts between the two cities.

Recent Activities

None at this time

Related Reports and Links

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific


Environment Section
Environment and Sustainable Development Division
United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Avenue
Bangkok 10200 Thailand
Email: escap-esdd-evs@un.org

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies


Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat
3-9-30 Asano, Kokurakita-ku
Kitakyushu City 802-0001 Japan
Email: kitakyushu-initiative@iges.or.jp