Successful Practices and Policies Databases
What do we mean by "successful practices and policies" in urban environmental management? The experiences of cities provide good reference for the identification of effective and innovative management techniques or approaches to overcome urban environmental problems. Such practices can facilitate the formulation of future activities in order to replicate actions in other cities or assist cities in the development of new action programmes to address critical issues. To strengthen the actions at the local level, such sharing of information and experiences is crucial in facilitating the transfer of know-how and technology to other cities.
Database of Successful & Transferable Practices
As part and parcel of the Kitakyushu Initiative, a programme which aims to strengthen the capacity of local governments to address urban environmental issues, the collection and analysis of successful practices is one method used to identify management techniques to understand why such problems have occurred, what can be done to overcome these problems, and more importantly, how other cities have done this in the past. The Kitakyushu Initiative specifically targets successful practices that have the following characteristics: Clean and quantitative demonstration of accomplishments, policies that contain the necessary elements for success (target setting, decision-making processes, regulatory instruments, economic instruments, voluntary approaches, institutional structures, financing, technology, education, monitoring, review and evaluation systems, etc.), potential for replication and transfer to other cities for reference in policy development and implementation, projects/programmes primarily conducted by the local government, clear relation between the measures taken and the impacts, and projects that have been completed or are at least mid-term level to evaluate.
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It is a basic premise of the Kitakyushu Initiative, that all cities, regardless of development level or pollution stage, have a successful practice in some area, no matter how small. This is evidenced in cities that may be considered to be at a lower level environmentally but may have efficient and effective aspects within their overall activities, such as community participation in decision-making or implementation processes, or informal partnerships between stakeholders.
Common knowledge allows us to recognise that successful practices and actions cannot be replicated in other cities as is due to varying levels of economic development, demographics, geographic characteristics, and social values, to name a few. However, with a thorough analysis to identify “transferable” and “replicable” aspects of a certain action, indicative and general response strategies can be made to allow local governments to assess their conditions and select appropriate actions accordingly.
The collected and analysed practices of local governments in the Asia-Pacific region provide a baseline of environmental management practices in different types of cities in the region. These cases demonstrate examples of policy options, institutional systems, technical options, urban planning, infrastructure development, better environmental governance, and financial mechanisms, among others. By comparing different cases and identifying commonalities and differences, it is possible to determine successful cases in environmental management and examine their potential transferability to other cities. This, in turn, enables the development of general guidelines for cities in Asia and the Pacific to develop response strategies for various environmental problems spanning different sectors: air, water, and solid waste, as well as cross-sectoral issues.
Best practices portfolio
Brief analyses and information on best practices/case studies of environmental improvement efforts in the Asia-Pacific region(Yokkaichi (Japan), Minamata (Japan), Fuyan (China), Taiyuan (China), Chicago (U.S.), Fukuoka (Japan), Manila (Philippines), Singapore, Jakarta (Indonesia), Karachi (Pakistan), Visakhaptatnam (India), Benxi (China), Kurashiki (Japan), Seoul (Korea))
The Kitakyushu Initiative recommends setting quantitative targets and indicators along with policy decisions in urban environment management. Setting quantitative indicators makes it easier to measure the effectiveness and degree of success of policies and encourages undertaking regular surveys and adjustment; promotes stakeholder participation in various stages of decision-making and implementation; and helps assess the results in transfer of successful practices.
The development and application of indicators under the Kitakyushu Initiative is combined with the implementation of demonstration projects. All demonstration projects are implemented with the purpose of verifying achievements of various targets and results obtained in urban environmental management. The indicators used in these individual pilot activities are essentially those chosen by the implementing agencies according to the specific needs of each project. Related reports can be found below: