National Consultation Workshop on Kitakyushu Initiative Demonstration Project: "Solid Waste Management as a Social Enterprise"


United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) has been implementing the Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment (KI), adopted at the Fourth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Development in Asia and the Pacific (MCED 2000) held in Kitakyushu, Japan in September 2000.

The Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment (KI) is a mechanism for implementation of the priority areas of the Regional Action Programme for Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Development in Asia and the Pacific with specific focus on environmental quality and human health in urban areas. The Initiative involves a three pronged approach of: a) implementing pilot activities that will identify and review different approaches to urban environmental management in selected cities in the region; b) undertaking of study tours and other capacity building events aimed at encouraging the transfer of successful practices and promoting intercity environmental cooperation in country-specific contexts; and c) establishing network for information dissemination and exchange.

Bago City Development Project

Bago City was used to be adjudged as one of the dirtiest in the region, with high incidence of poverty, malnutrition and health problem due to its failure in solid waste management. To address those problems, KABAHIN KA Programme, a comprehensive approach in solid waste management based on community participation was implemented and has successfully resulted to reduce the waste generation (by weight) of the City by 50%. However, there are still remaining challenges as the current composting methodology and recycling system was found to be costly, inefficient and financially unsustainable. In to order to improve the solid management system, the City proposed to implement the “Solid Waste Management as a Social Enterprise: A Community-based 3R Approaches in Bago City”, by applying a market mechanism as well as introducing a better composting methodology together with more active participation and support by the people. This project basically aims to support the development of “mini-enterprises” for waste composting and recycling that will provide business and market opportunities for the stakeholders involved and to explore other activities related to waste reduction and management. The project also seeks to strengthen environmental awareness and cooperation among the members of communities, students, local government, private entities, NGOs and other stakeholders in the City. By doing so, it is expected to demonstrate multiple environmental and socioeconomic benefits by enhancing the successful outcomes of the ongoing KABAHIN KA programme.

This project is fully supported by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and the Asia Pacific Forum for Environment and Development (APFED) as one of the model cases of an actual replication of good practices facilitated by the Kitakyushu Initiative Network. The City Government of Bago, in collaboration with UNESCAP, APFED and other advanced member cities of Kitakyushu Initiative Network, intends to demonstrate the early stages in the implementation of the project, the significance of a collective action and application of appropriate approaches and technologies that could be transferred to and adopted by local governments in developing countries with minimum support from international organizations and donor agencies. The best practices that will be demonstrated by the Project have gained success and popular acceptance in the City of Surabaya in Indonesia for Takakura Method of Composting, the City of Nonthaburi, Thailand for the Waste Bank, the Miyashiro Board of Education for Environment Education, among others.


To formulate strategies for a better implementation by Bago City of the replicated urban waste management best practices considering the comments and suggestions of and possible further replication by other cities/local governments in the Philippines. Specifically it aims at:

  • Presenting the preliminary activities and action plans of Community-based 3R Approaches Project in Bago City.
  • Gathering comments and suggestions from original cases from which this project is replicated from and other existing good practices in community-based solid waste management in the Philippines.
  • Identifying critical components and formulation of strategies for replication by other local governments in the Philippines.

Date & Venue

Date:10 & 11 April 2008/ Venue: Rafael Salas Park and Nature Center, Bago City, Philippines


Participants included local governmental officials from Bago City and other neighboring cities, solid waste management practioners and representatives from other KI network member cities.


The workshop was organised by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP), in cooperation with the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) and the local government of Bago City, Philippines.


Documents File
Summary 33KB.pdf
Concept Note 53KB.pdf
Programme 25KB.pdf
Participants List 94KB.pdf

Documents File
UNESCAP Introductory Presentation: UNESCAP to Promote Environmentally Sustainable Economic Growth for Well-being of All 113KB.pdf
The Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat: Facilitation of Inter-city Cooperation and Replication of Good Practices (IGES) This file is too big for download.
Ecological Solid Waste Management (NSWMC, Philippines)
This file is too big for download.
Community-based Solid Waste Management: Takakura Household Composting Practice (Surabaya Women's Welfare Organization, Indonesia) This file is too big for download.
Solid Waste Management as a Social Enterprise (Bago City, Philippines) This file is too big for download.
Solid Waste Management (The League of Cities of the Philippines) 540KB.pdf
Solid Waste Management Program: the City of San Fernando Experience (San Fernando City, Philippines) This file is too big for download.
Solid Waste Management Practices: the Makati City Way (Makati City, Philippines This file is too big for download.
Solid Waste Management in Tacurong City (Tacurong City, Philippines) This file is too big for download.

Some presentation materials are too large to upload.
If you would like a copy of the documents, please contact the Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat.

United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Environment Section
Environment and Sustainable Development Division
United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Avenue
Bangkok 10200 Thailand

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies

Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat
3-9-30 Asano, Kokurakita-ku
Kitakyushu City 802-0001 Japan