"Cebu City Summit on the Takakura Method of Household-based and Community Composting"


The problem of solid waste management has been identified as one of the major concerns of a city or municipality in the Philippines.  Increasing urbanization, rising economic activities and rapid population growth have seen to contribute to the generation of waste.  Meanwhile, the local governments are restricted within their limited faculties to effectively manage the generated waste particularly on waste collection, transport, storage, treatment and disposal.  Thus, policies are made on waste segregation at source and waste minimization wherein the 3 R’s (Reduce, Reuse and Recycle) and composting are promoted to lessen the amount of waste especially organic waste going to disposal sites.

The common segregation of household wastes to biodegradable, non-biodegradable and recyclable waste ensures the removal of organic waste from the waste stream.  A good method of reducing or recycling organic waste is through composting where garden waste, manure, leftover food and liquid sewage are broken down by various types of microorganisms resulting to a valuable resource à compost, a soil conditioner.  Compost can be made by building a pile consisting of alternate layers of soil, manure and organic waste and left untended (passive composting) or added with lime and minerals, aerated and the temperature monitored (active composting).  It can also be produced rapidly through vermicomposting using redworms or earthworms and moistened bedding materials such as papers, cardboards, leaves and sawdust. Such composting techniques can be done in an area like a garden or in a container indoors for a home-based or household composting.

The concept of household composting has been greatly encouraged by national and local authorities to reduce waste going into the waste stream.  Several simple and complex composting techniques are already introduced in our country depending on the available materials, economic returns, efficiency and other factors.  One of the newly-introduced techniques is the Takakura Home Method (THM).  It has many positive characteristics such as simple methodology, indoor use, low energy requirement, portable, rapid waste degradation, no bad odors if in good condition, low cost production and sustainable by using locally available materials.

The Takakura Home Method (THM) is a composting method that can be used at the individual household level in urban areas.  It was developed by Mr. Koji Takakura from the Japanese JPEC Company.  JPEC worked in partnership with The Kitakyushu Initiative Network (KIN) of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for the Asia and the Pacific (UNESCAP) and Surabaya, Indonesia City Councils and the Kitakyushu International Techno-Cooperative Association (KITA) in Kitakyushu City, Japan in developing the method extensively.

The Takakura Home Method uses native organisms (NM) for composting that is cultured and fermented from locally available materials such as fresh fruits, vegetable peels, coconut wine, brown sugar, rice bran and rice husks.  It is applied on a household level by using baskets with holes, mixing the waste and NM starter and covered with husk pillow and cloth. The method can also be applied for composting market wastes in a larger area.

Since 2000, the Kitakyushu Initiative for a Clean Environment (KI), a programme under the United Nations Economic and Social Commission (UNESCAP) in partnership with the Institute for Global Environmental Strategies (IGES), Ministry of Environment, Japan and the local government of Kitakyushu City, Japan, has been actively promoting the replication of successful policies and local initiatives on urban environmental management such as the Takakura Home Method in Asia and the Pacific region.  It introduced the composting technology in Bago City, Negros Occidental, Philippines as a demonstration project on “Solid Waste Management as a Social Enterprise: A Community-Based 3R Approaches.” After the National Consultative Workshop in Bago City last April 2008, it was conceptualized to introduce the Takakura Home Method in Cebu City the following month, May 2008, through a one-day orientation-training.  The activity was organized by the Cebu City Government in partnership with the Pagtambayayong Foundation, Inc., and Institute of Global Environmental Strategies (IGES) with participants from homeowners associations, local officials and enforcers.  It generated a lot of interest and subsequent trainings were done through the Patambayayong Foundation for other homeowners associations, non-government organizations (NGOs), schools and an indigenous minority group, the Badjaos. Presently, there are constant inquiries on THM and once the technology is widely promoted in communities and social sectors, it is expected to cultivate environmental consciousness, behavioral changes and improvement on the environmental condition of a city.



The primary objective of this summit is to introduce the Takakura Home Method (THM) of Composting as part of the solid waste management system and livelihood development. Specifically it aims to:

  • Introduce comprehensively the concepts of composting and waste segregation;
  • Hands-on demonstration of Takakura Home Method of Composting;
  • Present the potential of composting towards economic, social and environmental improvements.

Date & Venue

Date: 29 November 2008, Cebu Grand Hotel (see www.cebugrandhotel.com), Cebu City, Philippines


Participants will include solid waste management practitioners from local governments and non-government organizations (NGOs) in Cebu City and other invited cities in the Philippines.


The summit is being organized by the local government of Cebu City in cooperation with the Pagtambayayong Foundation and the Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat.


Documents File
Programme 95 KB
List of Participants 216 KB
Marketing Aspect of Composting, IGES The file is too big for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Introduction to Home Composting-Takakura Method, JpEC 941KB
Bago City Experience in HTM, Bago City The file is too big for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.
Cebu City Experience in HTM, Pagtambayayong Foundation The file is too big for download. Please contact the Secretariat for copies.

If you would like a copy of the documents, please contact the Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat


United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Environment Section
Environment and Sustainable Development Division
United Nations Building, Rajdamnern Avenue
Bangkok 10200 Thailand
Email: escap-esdd-evs@un.org

Institute for Global Environmental Strategies

Kitakyushu Initiative Network Secretariat
3-9-30 Asano, Kokurakita-ku
Kitakyushu City 802-0001 Japan
Email: kitakyushu-initiative@iges.or.jp